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This one is about: Birth Defect Statistics


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Posted to Cleft-Talk:

Stats page 47
Newsweek Special Edition _Your Child Spring/Summer 1997_

Most common birth defects/Live births in the U.S.

Congenital Heart Defects - 1/110
Narrow Stomach/intestine Junction - 1/250
Congenital hip dislocation - 1/400
Sickle cell anemia (in African american babies) - 1/400
Cerebral Palsy - 1/500
Cleft lip/Cleft palate - 1/730

***********
From the March of Dimes website:

On an Average Day In the United States

10,830 babies are born

1,420 babies are born to teen mothers

788 babies are born low birthweight
(less than 2500 grams or 5 pounds)

466 babies are born to mothers who receive late or no prenatal care

*411 babies are born with a birth defect

144 babies are born very low birthweight (less than 1500 grams or 3 1/3 pounds)

87 babies die before reaching their first birthday

19 babies die as the result of a birth defect

Note: Numbers are approximations

* Based on a CDC annual estimate of 150,000 babies born with birth defects
Source: National Center for Health Statistics, 1994 final data Prepared by March of Dimes, Perinatal Data Center 1997

***********

From: http://www.modimes.org/stats/bdtable.htm

Leading Categories of Birth Defects

The estimated incidences for the leading categories of birth defects are
provided in the table below. Birth defects are grouped into three major
categories: 1) structural/metabolic; 2) congenital infections; and 3) other
conditions. Birth defects of the heart and circulatory system affect more
infants than any other type of birth defect. Of all infants born each year,
approximately 1 in 115 has heart and/or circulatory defects.

Birth Defects - Estimated Incidence

Structural/Metabolic

Heart and circulation - 1 in 115 births
Muscles and skeleton - 1 in 130 births
Club foot - 1 in 735 births
Cleft lip/palate - 1 in 930 births
Genital and urinary tract - 1 in 135 births
Nervous system and eye - 1 in 235 births
Anencephaly - 1 in 8,000 births
Spina bifida - 1 in 2,000 births
Chromosomal syndromes - 1 in 600 births
Down syndrome (Trisomy 21) - 1 in 900 births
Respiratory tract - 1 in 900 births
Metabolic disorders - 1 in 3,500 births
PKU - 1 in 12,000 births

Congenital Infections

Congenital syphilis - 1 in 2,000 births
Congenital HIV infection - 1 in 2,700 births
Congenital rubella syndrome - 1 in 100,000 births

Other

Rh disease - 1 in 1,400 births
Fetal alcohol syndrome - 1 in 1,000 births

Note: All numbers are based on the best available estimates, which
underestimate the incidence of many birth defects.

Sources: March of Dimes, Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program,
and California Birth Defects Monitoring Program.


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